Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property

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Is your original work automatically protected by copyri...

One of the first questions that comes to the mind of an artist or a creator, as soon as a work is created, is how can the work be protected. Is protection available only if the work is “registered”, or does protection follow automatically from the time of its creation? The issue of whether copyright registration is compulsory or not is a long standing one; and due to various conflicting judgements in India, artists and creators have always been uncertain about this matter. ......
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The art and craft of franchising in India

Licensing and franchising intellectual property (IP) offer strategic competitive advantages to a brand. Franchising is a situation where a franchisor controls and supervises the exploitation of a trademark while allowing the use of the tradename, the get up and the reputation and goodwill associated with the trademark. ......
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Gathering evidence in IP suits: The Thin Line between I...

There are several ways in which evidence can be gathered in intellectual property (IP) suits, including through discoveries and cross examinations. Discovery takes place pre-trial, where parties can exchange information regarding the evidence and witnesses to be presented to the court. ......
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The War of the Soaps on a pH Scale: HUL vs Sebamed

In an advertisement war against consumer goods major Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL), a competing company, USV Private Limited, has dragged the former’s well-known brands Lux, Pears, Dove and Rin in an “open pH challenge”. USV’s advertising strategy has shaken up India’s affordable soap market that was otherwise confidently relying on lucrative advertisements by movie stars without any reference to scientific data. ......
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Startups and small entities in India to reap benefits u...

India’s newest amendments to its Design Rules will hugely benefit startups and small entities seeking to obtain design registrations. The amended Design Rules now recognize “Startups” as a separate category of applicants and have reduced the overall filing and prosecution fees for small entities. ......
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India formally adopts Locarno Classification for Design...

Six months after it became a signatory to the Locarno Agreement (which establishes a classification for industrial designs), on 25 January 2021, India notified the Design (Amendment) Rules, 2021 to formally adopt the “Locarno Classification”. ......
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Plant Variety Authority attempts to curb Farmers’ Right...

In 2019, the multinational food and beverage major, PepsiCo sued a group of farmers in Gujarat, India, for ‘infringing’ a potato variety that it had registered under the Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act, 2001 (the Act). Predictably, this suit caused an uproar, highlighting the ambiguity in the Indian law on farmers rights, and revived debates on whether farmers can be sued for infringing plant variety registrations. ......
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Filing data after applying for an Indian patent: Drafti...

Applying for a patent is a race against time to secure the earliest priority date (i.e., the date of the first filing of a patent application). As a result, patent applications are often filed with accompanying data that do not always capture all the facets of the invention. In such cases, using post-filing data to support the applications is often the only course available. ......
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Can “any person” file a pre-grant opposition in I...

Can “any person” oppose a patent application before it is granted? Or must persons now provide their credentials before filing oppositions? Are there circumstances when such oppositions cannot be entertained? The Bombay High Court was faced with questions like these in the recent case of Dhaval Diyora vs. Union of India (WP(L) 3718/2020; 05 November 2020). ......