Time and again the question has come before the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India ("Supreme Court") on how to determine whether a person is an employee or not. Through various judgments the Supreme Court has laid out the tests to determine whether a person could be said to be in the employ of the employer.
The #BlackLivesMatter movement has gained traction around the world and has encouraged many corporate entities, including multinational companies (MNCs), to reassess their businesses and marketing policies for signs of discrimination, following the calls against racial inequality after the death of George Floyd in the United States.
Patent claims are the most important part of a patent application, for they define the invention for which the Patent Office has granted protection. Patent claims identify what the patent does and does not cover.
At this juncture, it is undeniably true that the novel coronavirus has caused the populace to collectively rethink the fundamental manner in which businesses conduct themselves, and the sustainability of the same in not only the current times, but in the future. A systemic change is being wrought about at the helm, with businesses being forced to find creative ways to reduce costs so as to enable them to stay afloat.
Modern technology has revolutionized how we disseminate and record information and its no doubt that this has led to an increase in the commercial exploitation of the private lives of public personalities and celebrities often hurting the sentiments and reputation of such people. Several magazines and tabloids publish regular columns on celebrities. A blind item is a column wherein the name / identity of the celebrities being discussed is obscured.
Recognising that startups can drive sustainable economic growth and generate large scale employment, the Government of India’s ‘Startup India’ Initiative has sought to develop an ecosystem to strengthen such entities. This ecosystem includes policies that reduce regulatory burdens and provide various concessions that make ‘doing business’ easy.
Clauses related to representations, warranties and indemnifications are widely negotiated clauses of commercial contracts especially in M&A transactions. The interests of the parties to a contract typically do not align with respect to the representation and warranties clause of the contract, which usually comprises a major chunk of the agreement.
The United Nations Commission on International Trade Law - Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration, 1985 (“Model Law”) was drafted for the individual States to adopt “in their statutory arbitration laws either in its entirety, or a substantial part of its provisions, or at least its general shape and philosophy, so as to bring about a certain amount of uniformity amongst national laws…”.
Patents are a measure of innovation. A healthy patent portfolio of a company indicates that the company has invested significant time, money, and effort in research and development activities within the organization. It also indicates that the company is evolving and constantly striving to bring newer and better products or services into the market.
However, patents need to be also looked at as business opportunities and should, ideally, align with the business strategies of the company. Owning a patent gives a company the legal right to commercially exploit its innovation and prevent competitors from imitating or replicating its innovation. Every innovative company, therefore, needs a good Patent Strategy to be successful in the long run.
Partnerships in India are governed by the Indian Partnership Act, 1932 ("Act"). The Act defines partnership as 'The relation between persons who have agreed to share the profits of a business carried on by all or any of them acting for all'. The Act while laying down the provisions with respect to rights and duties of the partners also details the consequences of retirement of a partner and dissolution of a partnership firm.
On October 02, 2006, the Government of India brought into effect, the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Development Act, 2006 (“Act”) for facilitating the promotion, development and enhancing the competitiveness of micro small and medium enterprises. Through Section 7 of the Act, the criteria of micro, small and medium enterprises was defined.
The ethics of intellectual property has always been a highly debated issue, and spans a range of issues, not least around what kind of patentable subject matter can be regarded as ethically permissible. Jurisdictions, including India, try to tackle this issue by legislating for it in the laws, and excluding inventions that may be morally questionable, but such laws are inherently subjective, and open to interpretation. This note examines the questions that have arisen around inventions related to the tobacco industry in India in this context.
Time and again, it has been held by various courts that an unreasonable delay in enforcing a legal right by a person amounts to acquiescence, which can be fatal to a case for the grant of an interim injunction. In a recent trademark case, the High Court of Delhi reiterated that the Plaintiff, being aware of the Defendant’s adoption of a similar mark, did not bother to conduct due diligence about the use of the mark; as a result of which the Plaintiff was bound to suffer the consequences of delay in seeking injunction.