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Towards stronger Copyright in the digital environment

On 4 July, India agreed to sign up to the WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1996 (WCT) and WIPO Performers and Phonograms Treaty, 1996 (WPPT). These two treaties essentially allow offer copyright owners added protection in the internet and digital environment. The accession is reportedly taking forward objectives of the National Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Policy adopted by the Indian Government in 2016, to improve commercialization of IPRs by providing guidance and support to IP owners about commercial opportunities of e-commerce through Internet and mobile platforms.
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Clauses that usually appear at the end of a contract are called Boiler Plate Clauses. Although often grouped together, boilerplate provisions don't have much in common with one another except that they don't fit anywhere else in the agreement. For that reason, they are usually clubbed together at the end of the agreement under a title such as "Miscellaneous," "General," or "Standard." Most boilerplate clauses clarify the relationship between the contracting parties. Typically, when a dispute arises it is these boiler plate clauses which are first referred to. The effect of a boilerplate clause is most often noticed when it is omitted from a contract. In the present series, we are focusing on four significant boiler plate clauses of a contract – assignment, severability, notices and force majeure.
The recent demise of Steve Ditko, the artist and co-creator of Spider-Man (along with Stan Lee) is an opportunity to revisit the story of how the movie rights for the superhero character were negotiated between Marvel and Sony over the past decade or so.
The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (“MCA”) vide its notification dated July 5, 2018 has notified the Companies (Appointment and Qualification of Directors) Fourth Amendment Rules, 2018 (“Rules”). The Rules shall come into force with effect from July 10, 2018. The Rules require that every person holding Director Identification Number (“DIN”) must get his KYC updated with the MCA within the due dates provided in the Rules.
Clauses that usually appear at the end of a contract are called Boiler Plate Clauses. Although often grouped together, boilerplate provisions don't have much in common with one another except that they don't fit anywhere else in the agreement. For that reason, they are usually clubbed together at the end of the agreement under a title such as "Miscellaneous," "General," or "Standard." Most boilerplate clauses clarify the relationship between the contracting parties. Typically, when a dispute arises it is these boiler plate clauses which are first referred to. The effect of a boilerplate clause is most often noticed when it is omitted from a contract. In the present series, we are focusing on four significant boiler plate clauses of a contract – assignment, severability, notices and force majeure.
Clauses that usually appear at the end of a contract are called Boiler Plate Clauses. Although often grouped together, boilerplate provisions don't have much in common with one another except that they don't fit anywhere else in the agreement. For that reason, they are usually clubbed together at the end of the agreement under a title such as "Miscellaneous," "General," or "Standard." Most boilerplate clauses clarify the relationship between the contracting parties. Typically, when a dispute arises it is these boiler plate clauses which are first referred to. The effect of a boilerplate clause is most often noticed when it is omitted from a contract. In the present series, we are focusing on four significant boiler plate clauses of a contract – assignment, severability, notices and force majeure.
The Reserve Bank of India (“RBI”) has introduced a system of the Single Master Form (“SMF”) for foreign investment reporting. Significantly, the RBI now requires all Indian entities having foreign investment to provide an update of the total foreign investment by July 12, 2018.
Clauses that usually appear at the end of a contract are called Boiler Plate Clauses. Although often grouped together, boilerplate provisions don't have much in common with one another except that they don't fit anywhere else in the agreement. For that reason, they are usually clubbed together at the end of the agreement under a title such as "Miscellaneous," "General," or "Standard." Most boilerplate clauses clarify the relationship between the contracting parties. Typically, when a dispute arises it is these boiler plate clauses which are first referred to. The effect of a boilerplate clause is most often noticed when it is omitted from a contract. In the present series, we are focusing on four significant boiler plate clauses of a contract – assignment, severability, notices and force majeure.
The Copyright Office recently put out its final Practice and Procedure Manual for examinations of applications in literary, artistic, musical, cinematograph film and sound recording works. This publication comes after the draft guidelines were put up for public notice and comment earlier this year. The Manual details how different types of applications will be handled. We put together the information on computer programmes, databases, websites, and apps.
In a rare design judgement from India, a Division Bench of the Madras High Court, held that an infringement case is made out if the essential part of a design is similar to the essential part of the alleged infringing design. In the judgement, it reversed the decision of a Single Judge Bench of the same court, which had declared that the design in question was infringing.
The Supreme Court recently went into the question of res judicata (i.e., the principle of law which states that an issue already adjudicated by a competent court may not be pursued by the same parties again) in a complex case involving trademarks, assignment and the business of banking. It holds potential interest to those tracking company bankruptcy proceedings, as well as banking regulation and resolution proceedings.
The twentieth century rock icon, Jim Morrison, reportedly once said, “The most important kind of freedom is to be what you really are.” Although it was said in another context, Morrison’s quote reinforces the significance of rights that persons have in protecting their individuality, and the traits and characteristics associated with their person. This is where the notion of ‘personality rights’, as we define it in legal parlance, comes in.
Can protected IP be used for commercial gain? What is the royalty associated, and whether it is a means of adequate remuneration for the IP owner or a barrier to access for prospective licensee. The article discusses these issues and is a part of a series of articles that will address the matter in totality.
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