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Out of Public Order: A Study on the Law of Reasonable Restrictions

The Ministry of Information & Broadcasting (“MIB”) reportedly directed the online video-sharing platform, YouTube to remove 45 videos from 10 channels hosted on its website on September 23, 2022 under the provisions of the Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 (“IT Rules, 2021”). ...
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Useful info for securing IP rights in India

Official fees for filing Patents in India

+India Patent fee calculator
There are no additional charges for upto 10 claims
There are no additional charges for upto 30 sheets
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Extraordinary exceptions to deadlines at the Indian Patent Office

When hardcoded statutory deadlines are violated, can delays be condoned? This was the central question answered by the Delhi High Court in The European Union Represented by the European Commission vs. Union of India. The court allowed for an extension of a non-extendable statutory deadline in a patent matter because of the exceptional circumstances of the case. ...

Bollywood’s Sholay Still Reigns Supreme: Protecting Film Titles in India

Cinema is a way of life in India, and the one film that epitomizes this national obsession is Sholay. Released nearly half a century ago, Sholay is a genre-defining film, whose appeal transcends all boundaries of geography, language, ideology, and class, and that established standards for what we now call “masala” blockbusters. ...

Filing Trademarks in India: From Application to Renewal

Trademarks in India are governed by the Trade Marks Act, 1999 (“Act”) and Trademark Rules, 2017. The Act provides the procedure for the registration of any mark capable of being represented graphically as a word, device, label, numerals, or combination of colours, shape or sound, and capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one person from another. In other words, a trademark is a source identifier of businesses, products and services. ...

Of “Unspecified value” no longer: A judicial knell for forum shopping in IP suits

The forum for adjudicating commercial suits in India is governed by the Commercial Courts Act, 2015 (“CCA”), where cases are heard by courts at different levels depending on the valuation of the suits. Lesser-valued cases are heard by courts lower in the judicial hierarchy and fall outside the direct scrutiny of the CCA, thus being subject to relatively lower regulation. ...

Narrowing the Field: Selection Patents and Purposive Selection in India

Inventions that fall within, or overlap with, disclosures in the prior art are called “selection inventions”. Generally, selection inventions involve the selection of one or more specific embodiments, such as individual elements, subsets, or sub-ranges, within a larger known set or range disclosed in the prior art. This raises critical questions around how the novelty and inventive step of selection patents should be judged. ...

Design Marking in India: Essential or Avoidable?

Design marking is a method used by proprietors to signal that their article is protected by design rights. It entails “marking” an article in a manner that informs the public at large that the article in question is the subject matter of a registered design. The issue of whether design marking is necessary or not has come up on occasion before Indian courts, who have tackled how such marking acts as an indicator of registration, and explained the rights that follow. ...

A Moment to Remember: Personality rights, Moment marketing and the Olympics

India’s ace badminton player PV Sindhu created history by winning a bronze medal in the Tokyo 2020 Olympics held recently, joining the ranks of a select few who have one more than individual medal in the history of the games. ...

Designs Database goes Digital: Designs E-Register now available online

The Designs office has now made its register electronically available, thus joining the ranks of the Patents E-register, making the database of registered designs available in entirety. ...

To Litigate or Arbitrate, a “Heroic” Dilemma

As intellectual property disputes grow in number in India, corresponding questions arise regarding the most appropriate adjudicating authority to be approached for redress. Besides regular courts, IP disputes also occasionally make their way into arbitrations. But the circumstances under which IP disputes can be referred to arbitration are not always clear. ...

Who Judges Whom: Turf Wars, Forum Shopping and Anti-suit Injunctions

An anti-suit injunction is an order by the court which restricts a party from filing or continuing with proceedings in another court, including foreign courts, with regard to the subject matter of the suit. When courts are approached by a party seeking an anti-suit injunction, they generally establish a ‘forum conveniens’, i.e., determine the most appropriate forum to decide upon the dispute. ...
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Patent prosecution is the centerpiece of the process of obtaining a patent. The proceedings during prosecution serve as important legal guidance on the patentability of the invention, and successful prosecution is key to ensuring that patent rights are protected. ...
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) regulations in India require certain companies to mandatorily undertake CSR activities and spend at least 2% of their average net profit of the immediately preceding three financial years on CSR activities. ...
Inactive corporations without significant operations or assets may commonly be used to disguise business ownership from government authorities and the public at large. This is a tactic which may often be used for purposes that are spurious—including the evasion of taxes and the illegal siphoning off of money. ...
The Reserve Bank of India ("RBI") released its guidelines on Digital Lending on September 02, 2022 ("Guidelines") for immediate implementation from such date. The Guidelines are applicable to existing customers availing fresh loans as well as any new customers getting onboarded from the date of the circular. ...
India has witnessed a steep rise in digital adoption, culminating in an increased usage of networked payment infrastructures like UPI, coordinated healthcare and vaccination platforms like CoWIN and Ayushman Bharat and the like. At the same time, processing abuse poses privacy risks and other harms at an individual and collective level. ...
The corporate landscape of India has been conservative in its dealings, as outright battles for control are a rarity as far as the field of M&A goes. In a world where most mergers or acquisitions take place on a cordial note, with both sides as willing parties, a hostile takeover would not have been imaginable even after Swaraj Paul’s infamous attempt to takeover Delhi Cloth Mills from the Shri Ram family and Escorts Limited from the Nanda family. ...
Patents, like other forms of intellectual property, are jurisdiction specific. In other words, you obtain protection only in those jurisdictions where you have sought protection. The application process is long, and can stretch for months, or even years on end. While the end result, if successful, can be immensely satisfying and rewarding, the prospect of having to repeat this process in other countries can be quite overwhelming. ...
Earlier this August (August 8, 2022), the Government of India notified the Passenger Name Record Information Regulations, 2022 ("PNR Regulations") in order to provide a defined framework for collection of specified details relating to international passengers travelling by air. ...
Under Indian trade mark law, the term “well-known trademark” refers to a mark which has become so well-known to a substantial segment of the public through its extensive and continuous use such that its use in relation to any other goods or services by another party may be taken as indicating a connection between the two parties. ...
Payment and settlement systems are essential for the smooth functioning of financial markets, individual remittances, financial inclusion and growth of the economy as a whole. For this reason, central banks across the globe take a keen interest in their safe and efficient functioning. ...
The principle of “unity of invention” is near universal to patent law and entails that a single patent application must relate to a single invention or to a group of linked inventions having a ‘single inventive concept’. If the application lacks unity of invention, the applicant may split the original application, and file a “divisional application” seeking protection for the (additional) plurality of inventions. ...
Under Indian trademark law, any person claiming to be the proprietor of a trademark may apply to register the trademark. The trademark may either be in use or proposed to be used. Generally, the person who uses or controls both the use of the trademark and the nature and quality of the goods or services to which it is affixed, is considered the owner of the trademark. ...
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